Monday, October 29, 2012

Rusanto: The Simplified Russian

Wow, after writing my last blog post my site was picked up by another Esperantist blogger who locates lists of blogs in Esperanto. My blog is listed as number 2 currently and can be found here.

This post is about Rusanto, a simplified form of Russian with an Esperanto-like grammar. I provided a link to the site but the site is very small (only 1 page) but does have a forum and starter dictionary, its well worth checking out!




NOUNSApart from the plural form, nouns don't change. Exception: object or direction. (The object ending can be left out if object follows subject or if object is preceded by a preposition)
noun plural  -(n)i
object / direction (noun singular) -(u)m
object / direction (noun plural) -(ni)m
BASIC WORDSroot + ending:
adverbs -(n)o
adjectives -(n)oi
COMPARATIVES - SUPERLATIVES
morebolsx + adverb / adjective
mostnaibolsx + adverb / adjective
lessmensx + adverb / adjective
leastnaimensx + adverb / adjective
thancxem
askak
PRONOUNSya, ti, on, ona, ono, mi, vi, oni
GENDERRusanto has no grammatical gender. Only gender of obviously female beings is being accepted.
TO BEpresent: (  ) none
future: bu
past: bil, bila, bili
conditional: bi
RUSANTO GRAMMAR: VERBS
VERBS NEUTRALroot +li       -(i)t
VERBS CONDITIONALpronoun  + bi + neutral
VERBS FUTUREpronoun  + bu + neutral
VERBS PAST SINGULARpronoun + root-(i)l
VERBS PAST SINULAR FEMININEpronoun + root-(i)la
VERBS PAST PLURALpronoun + root-(i)li
VERBS PRESENT
verb present "I"root + -yu
verb present "you" (singular + familiar)root + -(i)sx
verb present "he"root + -yet
verb present "she"root + -yet
verb present "it"root + -yet
verb present "we"root + -yeme
verb present "you" (plural or polite)root + -yete
verb present "they"root + -yut
IMPERATIVE
PARTICIPLES
present active participle (adverb)verb-root + -yucx
present active participle (adjective)verb-root + -yucxi
passive participleverb-root + -noi
passive participle pastverb-root + -(e)nsxoi
NOUN FROM VERBverb-root + -(e)nie

So that is the entire grammar in a nutshell! Russian grammar is full of complex conjugation which must match in gender and number. Rusanto is perfect for the beginner to understand the vocabulary and could be very useful as a stepping-stone into proper Russian.

I like to think of Rusanto in the same regard as Basic English. Both are based on the natural language but with simplified grammar, especial for those just starting out learning.